Report on Reducing Contamination in Curbside Recycling Programs Free to SWANA Members

Report on Reducing Contamination in Curbside Recycling Programs Free to SWANA Members

SWANA’s Applied Research Foundation releases report addressing contamination to members during Sustainable Materials Management Summit

Silver Spring, MD –The Solid Waste Association of North America’s(SWANA) Applied Research Foundation (ARF) report addresses the issue of increased contamination in curbside recycling programs in recent years and its effect on costs and safety at material recovery facilities (MRFs). The ARF report, Reducing Contamination in Curbside Recycling Programs, is now exclusively available for download to SWANA Members.

Reducing Contamination in Curbside Recycling Programs identifies and addresses the key reasons why residents place contaminants in their recycling bins. A better understanding of what causes these recycling behaviors should enable recycling and sustainability program managers to develop and implement more effective anti-contamination programs that address the underlying reasons for curbside recycling contamination.

“We are pleased to make this important ARF report available to all SWANA members. It provides useful and actionable information to recycling managers throughout the United States and Canada that can be used to reduce contamination and program costs,” stated David Biderman, SWANA’s Executive Director & CEO. “We hope local governments and companies take full advantage of the insights and analysis in the report and join the AmRF to help guide our future research efforts.”

In response to contamination concerns, many state and local governments are implementing “recycle right” programs that provide clearer and simplified instructions to residents on what recyclables are included in their curbside programs. SWANA supports these efforts and anticipates this report will serve as an important resource. The report looks at local governments that have implemented cart inspection and tagging options to reduce contamination and increase public awareness as well as what to do to enforce rules for non-compliant households.

“We appreciate the support and involvement of our Sustainable Materials Management Group subscribers who submitted and voted for this important research topic and provided funding support for the research effort,” said Jeremy O’Brien, SWANA’s Director of Applied Research.

The full report, Reducing Contamination in Curbside Recycling Programs, is currently only available to SWANA ARF subscribers and members. The general public will receive free access to the ARF industry report in March 2022.

To learn more about the report and to download the executive summary, click here.

SWANA members can download the report here.

To learn more about SWANA and SWANA’s Applied Research Foundation, visit